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Checking of commercial ammunition

Commercial cartridges must meet the requirements established by Law no. 509 of 6 December 1993, which adopted the C.I.P. Regulations. These Regulations establish the following checks:
a) check of the presence of the distinctive markings on the basic packing unit;
b) check of the presence of the distinctive markings on each cartridge,
c) check of dimensional compliance;
d) check of the cartridge average pressure;
e) check of safe operation. 

On commercial ammunition, the following checks must be performed:

a) type approval;
b) qualification of facilities for carrying out the manufacturing checks on each lot produced;
c) manufacturing checks of each lot produced,
d) inspection audit;

During the "type approval", "manufacturing check", and "inspection audit" processes, the commercial ammunition is tested on a sample taken at random from the lot.
For type approval (homologation must to be done before starting production, and an application must be submitted to the Ministry of Economic Development by those who intend to produce that type of ammunition) the sample must be doubled.

Testing of a type of a mass-produced ammunition; if a positive result is obtained, the producer or importer will be allowed to affix on the minimum package the check mark.

If the type approval obtains a positive result, manufacturing checks must be performed by the National Proof House, or by the manufacturer or importer, if certified by the Proof House itself.

Upon request, the National Proof House can entitle producers or importers to carry out manufacturing checks.

The inspection audit, which must be carried out at least every three years, involves the following steps:

a) verification of the manufacturer's testing instrumentation;
b) performance of manufacturing checks (at the discretion of the Proof House inspectors) for each kind of type-approved cartridge;
c) verification of the documentation (obligatory) for all the lots produced and sold;

 Ammunition checks consist of:

a) visual check of the cartridge and packaging: it requires verifying the good condition of the cartridge, and the existence of all the required indications on it.
b) dimensional test: involves checking the "safety dimensions", and is performed by using the appropriate checking instruments ("minimum chambers", comparators, forks, measurement rings).
c) measurement of maximum pressure in the cartridge chamber: it is measured by using particular barrels (manometric barrels, fitted with piezoelectric transducers)
d) safety and operation test: it is carried out by shooting the sample in a gun having a maximum closing space (limit weapon); no defects are allowed.

Checking of commercial ammunitions for civilian use - Law Nr. 509 of 6 December 1993. Regulations for cheking commercial ammunition for civilian use.

- Decree of the Ministry of the Interior Nr. 362 of August 9,2001. Regulations with specific rules on the use of compessed air or compessed gas weapons, both long and short, whose projectiles deliver kinetic energy of up to 7.5/joule, and replicas of ancient muzzle-loading weapons of models dated before 1890, single-short (art. 2 and 13).
Certification of the kinetic energy of compressed air weapons and/or compessed gas weapons
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